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CENCOIC Caldono Microlot, Floresmiro Piamba ‘La Esperanza’

Cauca; Resguardo San Lorenzo Caldono, Caldono Municipality, Village of Vereda Chindaco, Colombia
Partner since: 2018 Traceable to: Single Family Farm Altitude: 1545 Varietals: 100% Castillo

Cherries are hand-picked for ripeness before pulping, 15 hours of dry fermentation, washing with clean water and drying in solar parabolic tent until 11.5%, with additional hand-picking for defects.

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Floresmiro Piamba lives in the village of Chindaco, on the Nasa indigenous reservation of San Lorenzo Caldono. At just over 2 hectares, his coffee farm is larger than many of his neighbors, and other members of CENCOIC. But they still produce just over 8 bags of Excelso grade or better every year, in part due to heavy shade, and cool clay soils. For this Floresmiro believes in his coffee, and has taken every extra step to advance himself – from getting FairTrade certified to completing his USAID-sponsored, CQI-designed ‘micro-processors certification’ course to improve the quality of post-harvest production.

CENCOIC is a collection of 1059 smallholders located around Cauca in Southern Colombia. Together, this group boasts just over 1000 hectares of coffee under cultivation, but as individuals, farms are small and yields are too.

CENCOIC has been active for many years, but was organized as an exporter in 2018 to represent the Nasa indigenous community to the international market. There are an estimated 60,000 people who still speak the Nasa Yuwe language, and they are located across Tacueyó, Caldono and Las Mercedes (all departments within Cauca).

Their motto is “unity, earth, culture and autonomy”, all of which are expressions of their unique identity and history. Their focus is on preserving cultural traditions, social ties, ancient knowledge and their local environment in the context of a country that is quickly commercializing.

They describe their farming as ‘traditional practices enhanced by advanced training’. Activities include training in the field and in the classroom, collection of plastics for recycling into flotation tanks, the construction of bio-factories, and ongoing sensitization on environmental protections. Coffees are processed at home; but farmers have been taught how to treat the ‘honey water’ used during fermentation and return it to their fields as fertilizer.

Colombia and coffee are nearly synonymous. For decades, US specialty has looked to Colombia to source the entire spectrum of coffees, from all-day approachable blenders to unique and experimental competition lots. This range speaks to the diversity to be found within Colombia–diversity in climate, coffee, and culture. Colombia harvests coffee nearly year-round from the northern mountain ranges in the Sierra Nevada to the Rezuardos in the South. Some farmers negotiate directly with roasters on cup scores and track international prices. Others come from remote communities and sell to the Colombian Coffee Growers Federation (FNC) – a setter of standards and buyer of last resort for communities that have access to no other customer.

It can be most fulfilling to comb through collections and drill down past the bodega level. All that is possible within a single collection can often be scaled up if you just ask, that is if you find the right partners who care to listen. Earning trust, calibrating on coffee, and getting into a good cadence for communication are more important here than in other parts of the world.

In Colombia, quality can be found from estates at the container-load or from smallholders 1-2 bags at a time. The key is finding the right partners who can help you to cut through the noise and get to the best coffees every harvest.