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Kagumoini Wet Mill (Kamacharia FCS)

Murang’a County, Kenya
Partner since: 2021 Traceable to: 1,384 Members Altitude: 1,750 Varietals: SL 28, Ruiru 11, Batian

Cherries are delivered to the mill same day as picking, where they are floated, pulped and fermented overnight before washing, density grading and drying on raised beds until they reach 10.5% – 11.5%, oftentimes 11-15 days.

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Kagumoini wet mill organized as part of the Kamacharia Farmers Cooperative Society when this was first allowed, in 1993, and has been silently but steadily growing its base ever since. It’s base is more than 1300 active smallholder members who bring in cherry by the pillow-sack or jute-bag. The cooperative votes to invest a portion of fees towards a fund that for school fees, emergencies, and farm implements. They also invest in a standing program to promote ‘Good Agricultural Practices’, standard training that boosts both productivity and quality. The third leg of their program is built around sustainable water management, both on the farm and at the mill.

Kenya is an enigma. It occupies a top spot in specialty – Kenyan top lots are always amongst the most expensive of any harvest. But yet it’s a country where coffee production is dropping year over year. Kenya is a place where traceability is given, but knowing what you want and how to get it are two different things. Rarely do we find partners more capable, and loyalties more difficult to navigate than we do in Kenya. For all the aforementioned reasons, competition in Kenya is fierce, making prized coffees feel like even more of a success.
However, no matter how formally the industry is structured, coffee still remains a system of people. And in a country where farmers own their own cherry production, there is additional power to connecting with coffee’s most important stakeholder. Farmers can, for example, point you to the best collections from every harvest, or delay sending their lots to auction to give you another week to sample. At request they can change the way they separate lots, bringing new products to market in a year that would take other countries nearly a decade to do.
But experimentation is not the name of the game. With washed coffees working so well, you won’t find many a manager willing to mess around with different fermentations, flotation, drying times or with certifications like organic.
The experiment instead is that of business model. How do cooperatives normalize earnings to keep their members engaged in coffee? How do we take away red tape to encourage more farmers to plant more coffee, as opposed to corn or dairy? How can small estates split off and succeed under their own pulping license? Is it better to sell through auction or directly to an international buyer – can you afford to cut out your marketing agent? Once you speak to these problems you are speaking the language of coffee in Kenya – this is a country that already knows how to coffee.