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Red 5 de Diciembre, San Isidro Zoquiapam

ca, can, Mazatec, Oaxaca, La Canada, Mexico
Partner since: 2020 Traceable to: 90 families Varietals: Typica, Bourbon, Caturra, Mundo Novo
Processing:

Ripe cherry is selectively hand-picked, floated, pulped, fermented 12-24 hours, washed, and dried for 5-15 days depending on weather

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Community Context

Founded in 2020 in the Municipality of San Lucas Zoquiápam in the State of Oaxaca, San Isidro Zoquipam is located at an elevation of 1966 meters above sea level with a population belonging to the Mazatec ethnic group. The 90 families represented by this group grow Typica, bourbon, caturra and Mundo Novo.

Country Context

Mexico is for coffee lovers. Few origins offer such variety, such competency, and such short flights to the farm. While often overlooked by their neighbors to the north, Mexico is the world’s 7th largest coffee producer, the largest exporter of organic coffees, and a fast-growing consumers of specialty coffee.

Seventy percent of Mexico’s crop comes from larger estates, concentrated around Veracruz, with the remaining thirty percent coming from 2 million smallholders, spread around the country but mostly in the Southern States of Chiapas and Oaxaca.

This is also where we find most of Mexico’s indigenous population, communities who moved higher and higher up-mountain, onto smaller and smaller plots of land, first to get away from colonial Spain, and later pushed by larger landowners during decades of highly political land reforms. In this way Mexico’s agrarian, coffee and Puebla movements are intertwined.

Though coffee arrived into Mexico two centuries earlier, it did not take off until the late 20th century.

In the 1970s a farmer friendly government came to power and encouraged smallholder production. Coffee exports skyrocketed nearly ten-fold over the next two decades. However, in the middle of this growth the government had to default on debt, cut back programs, and end a decade of federal support for smallholders. Price, markets and credit dwindled to drips – and on top of that – we got some Roya too. Oh, and did we mention the condition of the peso?

Into this distressed situation we see the rise of the coyote; middle-men who build truckloads of coffee up from 1-5 bag household level. Still today, buyers look for points of aggregation that can cut out middle-men but still give them access to volumes.